By Ruth A. Johnston
All issues Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World covers the widest definition of "medieval Europe" attainable, now not by means of overlaying historical past within the conventional, textbook demeanour of directory wars, leaders, and demanding ancient occasions, yet via proposing particular alphabetical entries that describe the artifacts of medieval Europe. via interpreting the hidden fabric tradition and via offering information regarding issues that few books cover—pottery, locks and keys, footwear, weaving looms, barrels, toys, pets, ink, kitchen utensils, and masses more—readers get necessary insights into the character of lifestyles in the course of that point interval and area.
The heartland ecu areas corresponding to England, France, Italy, and Germany are coated greatly, and data in regards to the items of areas comparable to Byzantium, Muslim Spain, and Scandinavia also are incorporated. for every subject of fabric tradition, the access considers the complete scope of the medieval period—roughly 500-1450—to supply the reader a ancient standpoint of similar traditions or innovations and describes the craftsmen and instruments that produced it.
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The Gothic cathedral is considered one of humanity's maximum masterpieces--an architectural ceremonial dinner that couldn't support yet allure the eye of popular author-illustrator David Macaulay. as soon as an architectural scholar on the Rhode Island tuition of layout, Macaulay glories within the intricacies and sweetness of constitution, as evidenced in his masterful pen-and-ink drawings in severely acclaimed children's books equivalent to fort, Pyramid, and Rome Antics.
A glance at medieval literature and society via a queer lens.
The essays during this quantity current new paintings that, in a single approach or one other, "queers" stabilized conceptions of the center a long time, permitting us to determine the interval and its structures of sexuality in extensively diversified, off-center, and revealing methods. whereas no longer denying the strength of gender and sexual norms, the authors ponder how old paintings has written out or over what could have been non-normative in medieval intercourse and tradition, they usually paintings to revive a feeling of such instabilities. whilst, they ask how this pursuit may enable us not just to re-envision medieval experiences but additionally to reconsider how we research tradition from our present set of vantage issues inside of postmodernity.
The authors specialise in specific medieval moments: Christine de Pizan's illustration of girl sexuality; chastity within the Grail romances; the representation of "the sodomite" in manuscript commentaries on Dante's Commedia; the complicated ways in which sexuality inflected English nationwide politics on the time of Edward II's deposition; the development of the sodomitic Moor through Reconquista Spain. all through, their paintings seeks to disturb a common sense that sees the earlier as major merely insofar because it may well make experience for and of a stabilized current.
Contributors: Kathleen Biddick, U of Notre Dame; Michael Camille, U of Chicago; Marilynn Desmond, Binghamton U; Garrett P. J. Epp, U of Alberta; Gregory S. Hutcheson, U of Louisville; Karma Lochrie, Indiana U; Peggy McCracken, U of Michigan; Francesca Canadé Sautman, Hunter collage and the CUNY Graduate heart; Larry Scanlon, Rutgers U; Susan Schibanoff, U of latest Hampshire; Pamela Sheingorn, Baruch collage and the CUNY Gratuate heart; and Claire Sponsler, U of Iowa.
Glenn Burger is affiliate professor of English at Queens university, CUNY. Steven F. Kruger is professor of English at Queens collage and the CUNY Graduate middle.
A background of industrial in Medieval Europe, 1200-1550, demolishes the generally held view that the word "medieval business" is an oxymoron. The authors assessment the complete diversity of industrial in medieval western Europe, probing its Roman and Christian historical past to find the industrial and political forces that formed the association of agriculture, production, development, mining, transportation, and advertising.
The tomb of Christ at Jerusalem used to be an important impact within the making of Western Europe. Pilgrimage there motivated the improvement of society and its buildings. the will to "bring the Sepulchre to the West" in copies or memorials formed artwork and faith, whereas the ambition to regulate Christ's tomb used to be a relevant aim of the crusades.
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Additional info for All Things Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World
They were smaller than modern pigs, but with longer legs. Like the wild boar, they had long faces with pointed snouts, were dark brown, and had very stiff, bristly hair. Unlike cattle and sheep, pigs did no useful work when they were alive, but they had the advantage of eating nearly everything. Pigs could be released to forage on acorns and beechnuts in the forest, or they could wander a town’s streets, eating garbage and the waste grain from breweries. In cities, they were considered a serious nuisance.
Roman script had written Latin in all capital letters, all the same size. Text written all the same size, like modern ALL CAPITALS, is called majuscule writing. The early Christian church adapted a form of this majuscule Latin script for its texts. The form in use at the opening of the Middle Ages, around the sixth century, was based on the Roman capital letters but wrote some of them larger or in a more exaggerated way. This way, scribes began to develop a system of capital and lowercase letters, a style of writing now known as uncial.
New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Resl, Brigitte, ed. A Cultural History of Animals in the Medieval Age. New York: Berg, 2007. White, T. H. The Book of Beasts: Being a Translation from a Latin Bestiary of the Twelfth Century. New York: Putnam’s Sons, 1954. Armor During the Middle Ages, armor began as flexible chainmail tunics and only gradually developed into the knight’s plate armor that is more familiar in our imaginations. New spear-based weapons made plate armor a necessity in war, and it took center stage in the fad for tournaments.