Download A New Syntax of the Verb in New Testament Greek: An by Kenneth L. McKay PDF

By Kenneth L. McKay

In contemporary many years it's been more and more well-known that the types of the verb in historical Greek, together with that of the recent testomony, don't sign time (past, current, future), yet point (the method every one job is seen on the subject of its context). making use of the hot insights, this publication deals a concise and obviously acknowledged account of ways the verb works within the syntax of recent testomony Greek. Its procedure is pragmatic, with emphasis on context instead of thought. it may be learn as a coherent account, and its 4 indexes additionally make it a convenient reference publication.

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Additional info for A New Syntax of the Verb in New Testament Greek: An Aspectual Approach (Studies in Biblical Greek)

Example text

5. The original function of the accusative appears to have been to indicate the goal of any verbal activity, and from the evidence of classical Greek poetry it is clear that some intransitive verbs, such as those of coming and going, which do not normally have a direct object but commonly can be accom­ panied by a preposition with the accusative, originally could have an ac­ cusative without preposition. This is undoubtedly the reason why in NT Greek some compounds of such intransitive verbs are commonly transitive.

Indeed, by the time of the NT an alternative perfect formation rJKa had begun to appear, and in Mk 8:3 some mss. have rJKaaiv, have come, instead of eioiv, are. Although in the NT a perfect passive form TeGeipcu is found (which in earlier Greek usually has only a middle meaning), Keipcu, / lie, often occurs as the equivalent of the perfect passive of T i G r i p i , / place: Lu 12:19 e x e t s TroXXd d y a G d K e i p e v a , you have many good things put by (cf. 4). Similarly related to KaGi£co, / sit down, seat, and K a G e £ o p a i , / sit down, am seated, is K d G r i p a i , / am seated, although it often has no obvious reference to a previous act of sit­ ting down: Mk 2:14 el8ev A e u l v ...

2. Prepositions and Cases. g. g. dirdyiii, Sidyo), eiadyo), imdyii), évé\(ji). g. genitive or dative) might have been used without one. 3. It seems clear that in origin prepositions were only adverbs, words used to add a particular nuance to a verb or to a word or phrase with ad­ verbial value. e. they were used in the normal position for adverbs), and the name preposition (placed before) indicates this fact. The five cases of ancient Greek had developed from an eight-case system (nominative, vocative, ac­ cusative, genitive, dative, ablative, instrumental and locative) through sound changes which made some of the suffixes similar or identical, and through the overlapping of areas of meaning.

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