Download A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Vol. 2 by Yitzhak Baer, Louis Schoffman, Benjamin R. Gampel PDF

By Yitzhak Baer, Louis Schoffman, Benjamin R. Gampel

In the second one quantity of his vintage exploration of the Spanish-Jewish neighborhood, Baer covers such significant historic occasions because the Spanish Inquisition and the Expulsion of the Jews from Spain. This paintings examines the impact of church coverage at the Jewish inhabitants within the fifteenth century, and the issues at which Jewish tradition as an entire used to be altered by way of Spain’s actions.

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In the year 1320, a popular visionary gathered under his banner a great rabble known as the Pastorelli (Shep­ herds) with the object of a crusade against the Moslems of Granada. After murdering many Jews in southern France, particularly in Toulouse, the Shepherds crossed the Pyr­ enees into Aragon and wiped out the Jewish communities of Jaca and Montclus. Jews from the nearest localities to the south (Barbastro, Monzon and Lerida) came to bury the dead of Montclus and were accused of destroying the town’s bridge and cutting down its trees.

As the number of our cities is the number of our gods! 28 Not unlike R. Kalonymos, the anonymous mystic of Sara­ gossa pleaded that the import of what had happened in his generation be pondered well. For the hand of the Lord hath not waxed short for sal­ vation [Is. 1]; and behold, fourteen years after the banishment of 5066 [1306], in the year of wrath [af: the numerical equivalent of which is 81. Here, however, the Hebrew year 5080–81 is meant] and anger the Shepherds came and slew about eight thousand men of Israel, as was shown to me by my teacher of blessed memory three years before the event, in uninterrupted visions, two years after he had departed this life.

David Bonjorn (known also in Hebrew literature) seems to have been one of the most charming and also one of the most irascible young scholars of his age. His temper was so violent that his sec­ ond wife, after five years of marriage (in 1337), asked him to divorce her; and, in order to compel him to comply, with­ held his scientific books and instruments. He complained of this: They knew that books and instruments and other things were those which I hold most precious, and they could hardly have found a better means of coercing me than to deprive me of these things, which, in the light of my interests and desires and my longing for them, are my most cherished possessions.

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