By Moshe Gil
This used to be the 1st entire background of Palestine from the Muslim conquest in 634 to that of the Crusaders in 1099. it's a 1992 translation and revised model of quantity I of Palestine through the First Muslim interval which used to be released in Hebrew in 1983 and offers an authoritative survey of the early mediaeval Islamic and Jewish worlds. in accordance with a powerful array of assets together with files from the Cairo Geniza assortment, the writer examines the lives of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim groups of Palestine opposed to a history of the political and army occasions of the interval. particular cognizance is paid to the background of Palestinian Jews less than Muslim rule. an important source for college kids and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish background, spiritual reviews and for a person drawn to the background of the Holy Land.
Professor Gil starts by way of reviewing the political and army occasions in Palestine ahead of and after the Arab invasion. Later chapters discover the Abbasid, Tiiliinid, Ikhshidid and Fatimid sessions, within which time Palestine used to be a virtually perpetual battlefield for states, armies and factions. by contrast backdrop of clash and administrative adjustments, the writer portrays the typical lifetime of Palestine and its population. He seems on the fiscal historical past of Palestine- its agriculture, delivery amenities, exports and platforms of taxation- in addition to the non secular prestige ofJerusalem, the character of Islam's tolerance in the direction of Jews and Christians and the prestige, management and customs of the Christian population. particular cognizance is paid to the historical past of Palestinian Jews less than Muslim rule. Professor Gil info their topography, monetary actions and spiritual lifestyles; he explores the Karaite and Samaritan groups and discusses the function of the main favorite Jewish establishment, the yeshiva.
"A background of Palestine, 634-1099" is predicated on a magnificent array of resources. Professor Gil has conscientiously learn the greater than 1,000 records of the Cairo Geniza assortment and those are paralleled via Arabic, Syriac, Latin and Greek fabric. This enormous research could be learn via scholars and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish historical past and non secular reports and by means of a person drawn to the historical past of the Holy Land.
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Additional info for A History of Palestine, 634-1099
Of the Prophet's father as well, it is said that he used to trade in Gaza, travelling with the caravans of the Qurashites. 7 6 7 Yaqut, Buldiitl, Ill, 893. ammad b. _thatthe Bishop ofGaza came to the Prophet when he was in Tabuk (see on the Tabuk expedition below) and told him 'In my town [Gaza] Hashim and 'Abd Shams [Hashim's brother] died when they came on business, and here are their moneys' (or property). See also Baladhurl, Ansiib, I, 58, 63f, 92, who also adds that Hashim was twenty-five-years-old at his death; some say twenty.
13 THE CONQUEST the traditional Muslim texts, particularly those describing what happened after the Prophet's death. Many of the ~a~aba, the Prophet's disciples and the first followers oflslam, did not take any part in the battles in Palestine, Syria and Persia. The Bedouin, devoid of any religious inclination, were the mainstay and composition of the Muslim battalions, and they could only learn about Islam from hearsay. All they asked for was material gain and the worldly goods they saw around them - but no religious creed.
By summer's end of the same year, he organised his campaign against the Jewish farmers living in Khaybar, north of Medina. One can assume that this campaign was in some way connected with the defeat of the Persians, assumed to be the defenders of the Jews. The Byzantine victory was accompanied by a wave of persecution of the Jews throughout the Christian world. Both Christian and Muslim sources speak of Heraclius' edict of apostasy, intended to force all the Jews in his kingdom to convert to Christianity.